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The importance of application security has grown, with new players entering the field and new approaches offered in how to achieve it. This research note looks at recent evolutions in the market and where it needs to go next.


  • Applications are increasingly moving beyond the corporate data center to reside entirely or partially in public cloud environments. Application infrastructures have grown more complex, to the point where so-called east–west traffic is now frequently greater in volume than the north–south variety.

Features and Benefits

  • Describes how application security has evolved.
  • Enumerates the shortcomings of web application firewalls (WAFs).

Key questions answered

  • What is a WAF and how does it work?
  • Have cloud-based WAF services addressed the shortcomings of the on-premises variety?

Table of contents

Ovum view

  • Summary
  • WAFs have their shortcomings
  • Where application security is now
  • Virsec offers RAMP for better runtime protection


  • Further reading
  • Author

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