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Healthcare contains necessary and artificial complexity. As transformation elsewhere shows us, the creation of strong open ecosystems with standards and acknowledged rules will be critical in tackling complexity in the right way.


  • Achieving a balance between providing clear rules and direction and accommodating local variation and innovation is hugely difficult. But it will become more important, as healthcare planning and delivery and the supporting technology must become more flexible, be able to adjust to the differing requirements of local populations and individual patients, and incorporate the growing volume of best practice and knowledge.

Features and Benefits

  • Outlines the modernization challenges facing the healthcare sector, and why the creation of strong ecosystems are a key part of modernization.
  • Discusses examples of changes in care models and approaches to development that make use of strong networks around a common framework.

Key questions answered

  • What are the modernization challenges facing healthcare?
  • Why are ecosystems and the use of frameworks important in healthcare, and why?

Table of contents

Ovum view

  • Summary
  • The difference between real complexity and artificial complexity
  • New approaches attempt to accommodate necessary complexity and reduce artificial complexity
  • Effective modernization also requires striking the right balance
  • Ecosystems with clear rules accommodate variation and innovation


  • Further reading
  • Author

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