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Ovum has expanded the scope of its Wholesale Broadband Access Benchmarks to include regulated fiber access prices in more countries. Huge differences in pricing across countries reflect the widely varying market contexts and regulatory approaches.


  • Despite the efforts of the European Commission, harmonizing wholesale broadband access regulation across EU countries has proved a near-impossible task, as national regulators have to take account of the existing infrastructure landscape in the respective countries.

Features and Benefits

  • This research note highlights the differences in regulated fiber access pricing across countries.
  • It explains the reasons why such differences occur, and the challenges in harmonizing fiber access regulation in the EU.

Key questions answered

  • How do regulated wholesale fiber access prices vary across countries?
  • How do regulatory approaches to fiber access differ in the EU?

Table of contents

Ovum view

  • Summary
  • Norway and Switzerland have the most expensive fiber bitstream prices in the EEA
  • Finland is an outlier in the prices for unbundling of fiber
  • Widely varying regulatory approaches affect differences in fiber access prices, among other factors


  • Further reading
  • Author

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