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Alternative operators give high importance to passive infrastructure access. However, they need to rely on clear regulatory frameworks, and on an effective process to handle disputes. At present, regulatory approaches still vary significantly.


  • The majority of DPA offers are restricted to encourage the deployment of fixed NGA. Regulators will have to be mindful of market evolution in deciding whether restrictions should be applied because increasing fixed-mobile convergence could lead operators to need access to passive infrastructure.

Features and Benefits

  • Provides an overview of DPA regulation across eight countries.
  • Highlights strengths and weaknesses of each framework, and how access has been taken up in practice.

Key questions answered

  • What are the key elements of DPA regulation across the world?
  • Which elements determine the strengths and weaknesses of each regulatory framework for DPA?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Analysis of DPA processes and reference offers (strengths and weaknesses)

  • Waiting times
  • Access prices
  • Purpose of the DPA offer
  • Dispute resolution

Country case studies

  • Australia
  • France
  • Germany
  • Lithuania
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • UK
  • US


  • Methodology
  • Further reading
  • Author

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