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Too many cities are too fragmented to be smart cities. Fragmented cities struggle to coordinate citywide resources, and their regulatory power is weak. The result is smart city projects that are isolated and limited.


  • Explains why many cities struggle to move beyond small and isolated "smart" projects and what they can do about it.

Features and Benefits

  • Analyzes the reasons why competition funding is such an important driver of smart city projects.
  • Highlights the problems created by reliance on competition funding for smart cities.

Key questions answered

  • Why are smart city projects not showing the level of integration that smart city evangelists promised?
  • What do cities need in order to pursue more coherent strategies?

Table of contents

Ovum view

  • Summary
  • Fragmentation harms revenue and weakens regulators
  • Repurposing old kit is smart, but new urban tech is costly
  • Too many cities compete for too few pots of money
  • Cities must pull themselves together


  • Further reading
  • Author

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