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India has one of the largest telecoms subscriber bases in the world, which has been growing at a steady pace over the years. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is supporting this growth momentum through various regulatory measures.


  • An update in the BharatNet project (formerly NOFN) suggests the regulatory authority’s progressive vision.
  • Premium pricing of spectrum could be a major roadblock for future network investments.
  • A better regulatory environment can be achieved if the government and regulator work more closely in tandem with each other.

Features and Benefits

  • Provides a detailed overview of the regulatory environment in the Indian telecoms sector.
  • Explains spectrum policy and licensing in the country.

Key questions answered

  • What are the services that are subject to regulation in the Indian telecoms market?
  • What impact have regulatory and policy changes had on the Indian telecoms sector over the past few years?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Regulatory framework

  • National regulatory authority
  • Key legislation and regulation
  • Current status of market analysis


  • Spectrum policy
  • Wireless licensing

Wholesale fixed regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Voice interconnection
  • Wholesale access
  • Wholesale broadband services

Wholesale mobile regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Mobile termination charges
  • Roaming obligations
  • MVNO access

Other services subject to regulation

  • The retail market
  • The regulation of bundles
  • Quality of service
  • Advertising of broadband speeds
  • Terminating and switching out of contracts
  • VoIP
  • Regulatory position on OTTs
  • Regulatory position on IoT/M2M
  • Numbering policy
  • Data protection regulation

Universal service

  • Universal service provider
  • Universal service obligation fund
  • Universal service obligation for broadband


  • Methodology
  • Authors

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