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The Bahrain regulatory authority, the Telecoms Regulatory Authority (TRA), has been instrumental in improving fixed broadband access services after a long period of decline.


  • The TRA completed the second strategic market review of the regulated markets.
  • The fourth national telecommunications plan was approved with set guidelines covering the next three years.
  • The TRA concluded the market review to determine the SMP in the retail market for international outgoing calls from Bahrain and also in the retail markets for access to call services including domestic calls from a fixed location.

Features and Benefits

  • Sets out the regulatory landscape in Bahrain.
  • Details the progress made in rolling out broadband services in Bahrain.

Key questions answered

  • What remedies are imposed at the retail and wholesale levels for fixed and mobile services in Bahrain?
  • What are the current regulation and telecoms policies in Bahrain?

Table of contents


  • In brief
  • Ovum view

Regulatory framework

  • National regulatory authority
  • Key legislation and regulation
  • Current status of market analysis


  • Spectrum policy
  • Wireless licensing

Wholesale fixed regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Voice interconnection
  • Wholesale access
  • Wholesale broadband services

Wholesale mobile regulation

  • Services subject to regulation
  • Mobile termination charges

Other services subject to regulation

  • The retail market
  • The regulation of bundles
  • Quality of service
  • Advertising of broadband speeds
  • Terminating and switching out of contracts
  • VoIP
  • Fixed number portability
  • Mobile number portability
  • Numbering policy

Universal service

  • Universal service provider


  • Methodology
  • Author

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